DEMETER is actually the fresh new Olympian deity out-of farming, cereals and you may cash

DEMETER is actually the fresh new Olympian deity out-of farming, cereals and you may cash

ENCYCLOPEDIA DEMETER Headings

ACHAEA (Achaia), a surname out-of Demeter in which she was worshipped on Athens by the Gephyraeans who’d emigrated thither front side Boeotia. (Herod. v. 61; Plut. Was. ainsi que Osir. p. 378, D.)

AMPHICTY?ONIS (Amphiktuonis), an excellent surname out-of Demeter, produced by Anthela, where she was worshipped lower than so it title, whilst is actually the area out-of conference with the amphictyons of Thermopylae, and since sacrifices have been available to their during the beginning from all of the conference. (Herod. vii. 200 ; Strab. ix. p. 429.)

ANESIDO?RA (Anesidora), the newest spender off gift ideas, an effective surname provided to Gaea also to Demeter, the second regarding exactly who got a forehead under that it identity within Phlius from inside the Attica. (Paus. we. 31. § 2; Hesych. s. v.; Plut. Sympos. p. 745.)

ANTAEA (Antaia), a surname out-of Demeter, Rhea, and you will Cybele, probably means an excellent deity just who guy get method inside prayers. (Orph. Hymn. 40. 1; Apollon. we. 1141; Hesych. s. v.)

BRIMO (Brimo), the fresh new frustrated and/or frightening, takes place because the an effective surname many divinities, such as for instance Hecate or Persephone (Apollon. Rhod. iii. 861, 1211; Tzetz. advertising Lycoph. 1171), Demeter (Arnob. v. p. 170), and you may Cybele. (Theodoret. Ther. i. 699.) Brand new Scholiast to your Apollonius (l. c.) provides an extra derivation off Brimo off Bromos, therefore it carry out reference brand new crackling of your own fire, once the Hecate is conceived bearing a burn.

Translation

CALLIGENEIA (Kalligeneia), a surname regarding Demeter otherwise out-of the girl nurse and you can mate, otherwise out of Gaea. (Aristoph. Thesm. 300, to the Schol.; Hesych. s. v.; Phot. Lex. s. v.)

CARPO?PHORI (Karpophoroi), the fresh fruitbearers, an effective surname off Demeter and you will Cora, around which they was worshipped in the Tegea. (Paus. viii. 53. § 3.) Demeter Carpophoros has been worshipped in Paros also. (Ross, Reisen auf den Griech. Inseln, we. p. forty-two.)

CHAMYNE (Chamune), a beneficial surname from Demeter within the Elis, which had been derived possibly in the environment having opened (chainein) available to receive Pluto, otherwise from one Chamynus, to whom this building regarding a forehead from Demeter during the Elis try ascribed. (Paus. vi. 21. § 1.)

CHLOE (Chloe), the latest flowering, an excellent surname away from Demeter the fresh protectress of environmentally friendly arablounge wyszukiwania industries, who had a retreat at the Athens conjointly which have Ge Curotrophos. (Paus. i. 22. § 3; Eustath. advertising Horn. p. 772.) This surname could be alluded to when Sophocles (Oed. Col. 1600) phone calls this lady Demeter eu Chloos. (Comp. Aristoph. Lysist. 815.) Valuing the newest festival Chloeia, look for Dict. out-of Ant. s.v.

CHRYSAOR (Chrusaor). The god toward golden sword otherwise arms. Within experience it is put once the a great surname or characteristic of several divinities, such as for instance Apollo (Hom. II. xv. 256), Artemis (Herod. viii. 77), and you may Demeter. (Hom. Hymn. when you look at the Cer. cuatro.)

CHTHO?NIA (Chthonia), will get indicate this new subterraucous, or perhaps the goddess of earth, which is, this new protectress of the fields, whence it’s put due to the fact a beneficial surname out-of infernal divinities, such Hecate (Apollon. Rhod. iv. 148; Orph. Hymn. thirty-five. 9), Nyx (Orph. Hymn. dos. 8), and you will Melinoe (Orph. Hymn. 70. 1), however, specifically away from Demeter. (Herod. ii. 123; Orph. Hymn. 39. 12; Artemid. ii. 35; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 987.) Although the label, regarding Demeter, barely demands reasons, yet mythology applies two tales in order to account fully for they. Predicated on among them, Clymenus and you will Chthonia, the youngsters regarding Phoroneus, oriented at the Hermione a retreat off Demeter, and you can entitled the girl Chthonia about term of a single of the creators. (Paus. ii. step 3.5. § step 3.) Considering an Argive legend, Demeter on her wanderings involved Argolis, in which she are unwell-obtained from the Colontas. Chthonia, his child, try upset together dad’s perform, and you may, whenever Colontas and his awesome family was burnt of the deity, Chthonia is actually carried out of of the their so you can Hermione, where she depending a refuge in order to Demeter Chthonia, and you will instituted new festival of one’s Chthonia within her honour. (Paus. ii. thirty-five. § 3; Dict. off Ant. s. v. Chthonia.)

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